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Original Papers

A comparative study of psychiatric morbidity and associated factors in carers of patients with schizophrenia and bipolar affective disorder in Nigeria

Authors:

A. F. Osundina ,

Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Benin-City, Edo State, NG
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O. O. Akanni,

Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Benin-City, Edo State, NG
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O. O. Ayilara,

Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Benin-City, Edo State, NG
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B. M. Mapayi,

University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, NG
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O. O. Aloba,

University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, NG
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A. N. Otakpor

University of Benin, Benin-City, Edo State, NG
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Abstract

Background

Schizophrenia and bipolar affective disorder are two major, long-term psychiatric disorders, often associated with considerable functional impairment. Unlike in the West, where paid informal caregivers take up the role of looking after patients with chronic illnesses, the family of the mentally ill in sub-Saharan Africa are actively involved in rendering care to their psychiatrically ill relatives. The objective of this study was to study the psychiatric morbidity in carers of patients with schizophrenia and bipolar affective disorder in Nigeria.

 

Methods

This was a cross-sectional study conducted in a tertiary hospital in the Southwest geo-political zone of Nigeria. Carers of patients with schizophrenia and bipolar affective disorder were included in the study. Data was gathered on patient level of functioning, as well as carer burden and carer psychological morbidity.

 

Results

The overall prevalence rate of psychiatric morbidity among the caregivers was 28.6%. There was no statistically significant difference in the sociodemographics, psychiatric morbidity, caregiver burden and patients’ functioning when the two carer groups were compared. The presence of burden in caregivers and severe impairment in patients’ functioning were significantly associated with psychiatric morbidity in caregivers of patients with schizophrenia, but not with caregivers of bipolar patients

 

Conclusions

Providing care to patients with illnesses such as schizophrenia and bipolar affective disorder is often demanding, and may be associated with significant strain, leading to psychological distress and morbidity among caregivers.
How to Cite: Osundina, A.F. et al., (2017). A comparative study of psychiatric morbidity and associated factors in carers of patients with schizophrenia and bipolar affective disorder in Nigeria. Sri Lanka Journal of Psychiatry. 8(2), pp.14–19. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljpsyc.v8i2.8155
Published on 19 Dec 2017.
Peer Reviewed

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