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Reading: Role of life events in the onset of obsessive compulsive disorder

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Original Papers

Role of life events in the onset of obsessive compulsive disorder

Authors:

Chetali Vijay Dhuri ,

Seth G.S. Medical College and Kem Hospital, IN
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Shubhangi Raghunath Parkar

Seth G.S. Medical College and Kem Hospital, IN
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Abstract

Introduction: Research into the onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) suggests the occurrence of potential life events as triggering factors; however, such an association has not been well established.

Aim: To assess the role of life events in the onset of OCD.

Methodology: Fifty patients, ages ranging from 18 to 60 years, belonging to either sex, meeting the DSM-IV TR diagnostic criteria for OCD and attending a tertiary care psychiatric clinic were selected for the study. The Presumptive Stressful Life Events Scale (PSLES) was administered to them to obtain information regarding the presence of life events in a one year period prior to the onset of OCD. Other specific life events not included in the PSLES were also noted.

Results: Sixty four per cent of the sample was male and 78% of the sample experienced stressful life events in the year prior to the onset of symptoms. Appearing for an exam or interview was most frequent (10%), followed by violation of religious or cultural beliefs (8%) and the death of a close family member (6%). A third of the females studied had life events relating to the reproductive cycle. Half of the sample had onset of OCD during adolescence with 75% of them subjects reporting preceding stressful life events.

Conclusion: Life events appear to have a close association with the onset of OCD.  These findings suggest that life events may act as triggers predisposing vulnerable individuals to develop the disorder.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/sljpsyc.v5i1.6341

SL J Psychiatry 2014; 5 (1): 10-13

 

How to Cite: Dhuri, C.V. & Parkar, S.R., (2014). Role of life events in the onset of obsessive compulsive disorder. Sri Lanka Journal of Psychiatry. 5(1), pp.10–13. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljpsyc.v5i1.6341
Published on 27 Jun 2014.
Peer Reviewed

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